Psychotic Disorder NOS

Psychotic disorder NOSNot Otherwise Specified- is a mental illness which does not fall under any specific mental illness (because it lacks specific illness' traits) and does not have a specific way of diagnosis. Its diagnosis is based on personal experiences reports or what other people- around the patient- report as the behaviour of the ill person. Psychosis is a mental illness which cause people to change personality, behaviour and have mental malfunctions- especially loss of sense of reality-. Psychotic disorders, hence, are those that affect cognitive functions; altering personality and behaviour.

Psychotic disorder NOS Symptoms

Unlike specific psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, this illness lacks specific evidence/symptoms to fall under any specific category. It is, however, characterized by:

  • Delusions/ illusions- patients may translate normal situations or things to be haunting them

  • Hallucinations- having complete out-of-this-world experiences. This people may have mild or severe mental breakdown such that they no longer know what is real and what is not
  • Incoherent speech- inability to speak audibly or compose sentences that make sense
  • Inability to concentrate or comprehend things- it's hard for patients of this illness to show total concentration on anything or comprehend things/ situations
  • Inappropriate responses- patients may not respond appropriately or exhibit emotions corresponding to current situations or stimuli. Patients, for instance, may exhibit extreme sadness and depression during happy occasions or extreme happiness during sad moments

Causes of Psychotic Disorder NOS

Brain tumor or any other physical illness that affects the brain; hence altering cognitive functions
Extreme psychological trauma caused by things that made the person feel unable to deal with reality
Bipolar disorders etc

Diagnosis

One can be diagnosed with this illness when the symptoms they exhibit or experience are not clear-cut; to have the doctor classify it. Again, since the degree of symptoms differ, it is of the utmost importance for potential patients and or their close relatives to reveal to the doctor as much information as they can; for better treatment.

Treatment

Since psychotic disorder nos symptoms vary and the degree of this illness may keep changing, treatment is given on the basis of the current symptoms. The following treatments maybe offered:

  • Drugs- the type of medication (drug type and dosages) depend on the symptoms. Over-active patients are given depressant drugs (to slow their brain and body activity; hence calming them) while under-active/ depressed patients are given antidepressants or stimulants
  • Psychotherapy- group or individual therapy- patients are helped to address underlying factors and come up with viable solutions
  • Hospitalization- patients suffering from this unspecified/unclear psychotic disorder may be hospitalized as a safety measure. This is usually if they are in danger or harming themselves- as they react to their unreal thoughts ad perceptions, or if they are at the risk of hurting those around them. During the hospitalization, patients are kept under close guard- sometimes chained to their beds or closed in padded rooms where they cannot harm themselves or others-, given calming or stimulating drugs (depending on their symptoms and degree of illness), as well as given psychotherapy (alone or in a group) when they can comprehend things.
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